台灣大百科全書

Attempt to Assassinate Chiang Chingkuo
刺蔣案 中文版本

Classification:History > Period of the Republic of China > Politics > Political Cases
Contributor: Hsueh Huayuan Bio
This refers to an incident in 1970 when members of the World United Formosans for Independence (WUFI, 臺灣獨立聯盟) in the United States attempted, unsuccessfully, to assassinate Chiang Chingkuo (蔣經國) in New York.

In April 1970, ROC Deputy Premier Chiang Chingkuo accepted an invitation from US Secretary of State William Rogers to visit the US. In response, WUFI members Peter Huang (黃文雄, Huang Wenshiung) and Andy Chang (original name was Zheng Zicai [鄭自財]) hatched a plan to assassinate Chiang in protest over Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) rule of Taiwan. The gun was provided by a third WUFI member Chen Rongchen (陳榮成), but Huang was to be the assassin.

On April 24, Chiang Chingkuo was about to enter the Plaza Hotel in New York when Peter Huang approached him and was about to shoot, but in that instant a police officer pushed him out of the way causing the bullet to hit the hotel’s revolving doors. Huang was arrested at the scene. Seeing that the plan had failed, Andy Cheng who was standing in front of the hotel handing out leaflets protesting Chiang’s visit, rushed to help but was also arrested. As there were no witnesses or direct evidence to suggest that Cheng was a co-conspirator, the FBI subpoenaed Chen Rongchen who admitted that he had bought the gun and lent it to Cheng. As a result, Huang and Cheng were charged with attempted murder and illegal possession of a firearm. On May 15, a jury found them guilty, though after the trial in New York both men were granted bail before sentencing.

At that time the World United Formosans for Independence was divided over whether they should engage in violence and assassination, though after this incident there was greater clarity as to which road to follow. However, key WUFI leaders and members of the Taiwan Association, including Chai Trongrong (蔡同榮), Mr. and Mrs. George Chang (張燦鍙, Chang Tsanhung), Hwang Cherngjia (黃呈嘉) and Shen Yun (沈雲), Yeh Kuo S. (葉國勢) and Huang Chingmei (黃晴美, sister of Peter Huang and wife of Andy Cheng) managed to get enough money together to pay the bail. On July 6, before the court passed sentence Peter Huang and Andy Cheng fled the US, forfeiting the US$190,000 put up as security for their release. Huang’s whereabouts remained unknown, but Cheng was extradited from Sweden to the United States in 1972, where he was found guilty and given a five year sentence in 1973.

After Martial Law was ended in 1987, and the Blacklist of people forbidden from visiting Taiwan was cancelled Andy Chen returned in June 1991. On arrival he was arrested for violations of the National Security Law (國家安全法) and sentenced to one year in jail. In 1996, Peter Huang became the last name on the blacklist, illegally returning to Taiwan. In 1998 he was appointed director of the Taiwan Association for Human Rights. In 2000, following the victory of the Democratic Progressive Party in the presidential election, Peter Huang was appointed a national policy advisor to the President.

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Chinese Keyword
蔣經國 , 黃文雄 , 鄭自才 , 臺灣獨立聯盟 , 黑名單

English Keyword
Chiang Ching-kuo , Huang wen xiong , Zheng zi cai , Chiang Chingkuo , Peter Huang (Huang wen xiong) , Zheng Zicai , World United Formosans for Independence (WUFI) , Blacklist

References

  1. Hsueh, Huayuan. et al., (2003). Zhan hou tai wan ren quan shi [戰後臺灣人權史]. Taipei: National Human Right Museum, Preparation Office

Extended Reading

  1. Shu, Weider. (2007). Hai wai tai du yun dong zhong jing tian dong di de na yi sheng qiang xiang [海外臺獨運動中驚天動地的那一聲槍響]. The Republic, 54. Retrieved from http://www.wufi.org.tw/dbsql/showrwork.php?sid=264
  2. Li, Hsiaofeng. (2007). Feng xiao xiao xi yi shui han: 424 ci jiang an de li shi yi yi [風蕭蕭兮易水寒:424刺蔣案的歷史意義]. The Republic, 54. Retrieved from http://www.wufi.org.tw/dbsql/showrwork.php?sid=250