Hsueh Huayuan Bio
In April 1970, ROC Deputy Premier Chiang Chingkuo accepted an invitation from US Secretary of State William Rogers to visit the US. In response, WUFI members Peter Huang (黃文雄, Huang Wenshiung) and Andy Chang (original name was Zheng Zicai [鄭自財]) hatched a plan to assassinate Chiang in protest over Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) rule of Taiwan. The gun was provided by a third WUFI member Chen Rongchen (陳榮成), but Huang was to be the assassin.
On April 24, Chiang Chingkuo was about to enter the Plaza Hotel in New York when Peter Huang approached him and was about to shoot, but in that instant a police officer pushed him out of the way causing the bullet to hit the hotel’s revolving doors. Huang was arrested at the scene. Seeing that the plan had failed, Andy Cheng who was standing in front of the hotel handing out leaflets protesting Chiang’s visit, rushed to help but was also arrested. As there were no witnesses or direct evidence to suggest that Cheng was a co-conspirator, the FBI subpoenaed Chen Rongchen who admitted that he had bought the gun and lent it to Cheng. As a result, Huang and Cheng were charged with attempted murder and illegal possession of a firearm. On May 15, a jury found them guilty, though after the trial in New York both men were granted bail before sentencing.
At that time the World United Formosans for Independence was divided over whether they should engage in violence and assassination, though after this incident there was greater clarity as to which road to follow. However, key WUFI leaders and members of the Taiwan Association, including Chai Trongrong (蔡同榮), Mr. and Mrs. George Chang (張燦鍙, Chang Tsanhung), Hwang Cherngjia (黃呈嘉) and Shen Yun (沈雲), Yeh Kuo S. (葉國勢) and Huang Chingmei (黃晴美, sister of Peter Huang and wife of Andy Cheng) managed to get enough money together to pay the bail. On July 6, before the court passed sentence Peter Huang and Andy Cheng fled the US, forfeiting the US$190,000 put up as security for their release. Huang’s whereabouts remained unknown, but Cheng was extradited from Sweden to the United States in 1972, where he was found guilty and given a five year sentence in 1973.
After Martial Law was ended in 1987, and the Blacklist of people forbidden from visiting Taiwan was cancelled Andy Chen returned in June 1991. On arrival he was arrested for violations of the National Security Law (國家安全法) and sentenced to one year in jail. In 1996, Peter Huang became the last name on the blacklist, illegally returning to Taiwan. In 1998 he was appointed director of the Taiwan Association for Human Rights. In 2000, following the victory of the Democratic Progressive Party in the presidential election, Peter Huang was appointed a national policy advisor to the President.
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