台灣大百科全書

Banqiao Lin family
板橋林家 中文版本

Classification:History > Taiwan under Japanese Rule > Economics / Industry > Five Famous Families in Taiwan
Contributor: Hsu Hsuehchi Bio

Provided by National Museum of Taiwan History

Provided by Wordpedia.com

Caption:lookout for farming and defense in Lin Ben Yuan Mansion and Garden of Banqiao: guan jia hall

Provided by Wordpedia.com

Caption:recreational building by the water in Lin Ben Yuan Mansion and Garden of Banqiao: yue po shui xie

One of the five great clans of Taiwanese history. Their progenitor was Lin Yingyin (林應寅), who emigrated from Longxi (龍溪) County, Zhangzhou (漳州) Prefecture, Fujian (福建) Province to Taiwan in 1778 (43rd year of Qianlong [乾隆] Emperor), and served as a village teacher, subsequently returning to his hometown. His son, Lin Pinghou (林平侯), became rich through dealing in rice, salt, and cultivating land, his commercial name was “Lin Ben Yuan (林本源).” In 1810 (15th year of Jiaqing [嘉慶] Emperor), he went to Guangxi (廣西) Province to serve as an official by substantial donations, eventually rising to become the magistrate of Liuzhou (柳州). He later resigned and returned to Taiwan, and moved to Dakekan (大嵙崁, present-day Daxi [大溪], Taoyuan [桃園] County) in 1824 (24th year of Daoguang [道光] Emperor) due to anxieties about the ease with which Xinzhuang (新莊), his place residence, could be affected by the Zhang Quan fights (漳泉械鬥) . In 1853 (15th year of Xianfeng [咸豐] Emperor), he moved from Dakekan to Banqiao (板橋). All of the clan's subsequent developments were centered around Banqiao, Taipei during Qing Dynasty. Around 1885 (11th year of Guangxu [光緒] Emperor), the year Taiwan province was founded, the Dadaocheng (大稻埕) area (Liuguanzi Stree [六館仔街], the bank of the Danshui River [淡水河] near Nanjing West Road [南京西路] in today’s Taipei) was considered the center of the province. His descendants carried on the family businesses, and under the management of Lin Guohua (林國華), and Lin Weiyuan (林維源), of the third and fourth generations respectively, the family became more influential, and built the Lin Ben Yuan Gardens, which came to be considered the most beautiful flower garden constructed in Qing Dynasty at Taiwan.

The head of the Banqiao Lin family, Lin Weiyuan, was the richest man in Qing Dynasty Taiwan, known as “Lin of Banqiao” or “Lin of Taiwan” within China, famous for his wealth. He broke his ancestor's, Lin Pinghou, record, raising the family's status through donations, and soaring to the rank of second-grade capital official. After Taiwan was ceded to Japan in 1895, the head and second- ranking member of the Lin family chose to go to China, after which Lin Xiongzheng (林熊徵), Lin Xiongxiang (林熊祥), and Lin Xiongguang (林熊光) chose to take Japanese citizenship, and Lin Weiyuan, and Lin Erjia (林爾嘉), father and son, chose to assume Chinese nationality, and development was achieved in both place. Their descendants still did business with Taiwan at the center.

In the Japanese Colonial Period, the Banqiao Lin family was still active in commerce. In the period from 1909- 1930, the Lin family continued to found many companies, including sugar, rice, oil, mining, steel, credit, and every other kind of concern. While their official connections were lacking compared to the Qing Dynasty, under the management of the 6th generation family head, Lin Hsiungcheng, the family was still well-regarded. In 1909, he founded the Lin Ben Yuan Family Sugar Company (林本源製糖會社), and then founded the Taiwan Nichinichi Shimpo (臺灣日日新報, Taiwan Daily Newspaper), the Japanese Colonial Development Company (日本拓殖株式會社), and other firms, and invested in the China Hubei Hanyeping Company (中國湖北漢冶萍公司), which was run by Sheng Xuanhuai (盛宣懷), his father-in-law, and Taiwan Hua Nan Bank (華南銀行).

After the Second World War, the Nationalist Government kept its distance from gentry who had maintained close relations with the Taiwan Governor-General's Office during the Japanese Colonial Period, and in 1946 Lin Hsiungcheng was investigated and imprisoned due to the “Taiwanese Self-Government Incident (臺灣自治事件)” (also known as the Taiwanese Independence Incident). After the 1950s, Lin Xiongxiang, Lin Hengdao (林衡道), Lin Boshou (林柏壽), Lin Mingcheng (林明成), and others, displayed their talents in the areas of government, commerce, and education.

Copyright © 2011 Council for Cultural Affairs. All Rights Reserved.  

Chinese Keyword
林平侯 , 林國華 , 林維源 , 林熊徵 , 林本源

English Keyword
Lin Ping-hou , Lin Guo-hua , Lin Wei-yuan , Lin Xiong-zheng , Lin Ben-yuan , Lin Pinghou , Lin Guohua , Lin Weiyuan , Lin Xiongzheng , Lin Ben Yuan

References

  1. Hsu, Hsuehchi. (1981). Ban qiao lin ben yuan ji qi di yuan yan jiu [板橋林本源及其邸園研究]. In Graduate Institute of Civil Engineering, NTU. (Ed.). Ban qiao lin ben yuan yuan lin yan jiu yu xiu hou[板橋林本源園林研究與修後]. Taipei: Graduate Institute of Civil Engineering, NTU.
  2. Hsu, Hsuehchi. (2000). Ban qiao lin jia: Lin ping hou fu zi chuan [板橋林家:林平侯父子傳]. Nantou: The Historical Research Commission of Taiwan Province.
  3. Zhan, Yaling. (1995). Ban qiao lin jia hua yuan yu wu feng lai yuan zhi bi jiao yan jiu [板橋林家花園與霧峰萊園之比較研究] (=The comparison of Baanchiaur lin family garden and Wuhfeng Lair-yuan garden). MA thesis. Graduate Institute of Horticulture, National Taiwan University.

Extended Reading

  1. Chang, Shihti. (1997). Ban qiao lin jia hua yuan jie shuo xiao guo zhi jian tao [板橋林家花園解說效果之檢討] (=A study on the effectiveness of interpretation for the Lin Family residence). MA thesis. Graduate Institute of Horticulture, National Taiwan University.
  2. Chang, Chenchung. (2007). Tai wan shi da gu zhai: Ban qiao lin jia san luo da cuo [臺灣十大古宅:板橋林家三落大厝]. Fountain, 13. P.28-33.
  3. Zhang, Yuansheng. (2006). Lin er jia ji qi wen xue huo dong tan xi [林爾嘉及其文學活動探析]. The Taiwan Folkways, 56(3). P.61-104.
  4. He, Shupin., & Yuan, Mingjung. (2006). Ta xun ban qiao lin jia de zong ji: Xia men kao cha ji [踏巡板橋林家的蹤跡:廈門考察記]. Newsletter of the Institute of Chinese Literature and Philosophy, 16(1). P.49-69.
  5. Mai, Qingyue. (2006). Qing dai tai wan shu tan zhi guang- Ban qiao lin jia san xian sheng: Lü shi yi, Xie guan qiao, Ye hua cheng [清代臺灣書壇之光‧板橋林家三先生:呂世宜、謝琯樵、葉化成]. Taipei County Cultural Quarterly, 89. P.4-16.