台灣大百科全書

Wangxing Culture
網形文化 中文版本

Classification:History > Prehistorical Period of Taiwan > Paleolithic Period
Contributor: Liu Yichang Bio
A pre-history archeology cultural system between the late Paleolithic Period until the persistent-late Paleolithic Period was discovered in Taiwan in the mid 1980s during excavation of the Bogonglong (伯公?) Site, which started to gradually establish a new cultural system and is located around the red clay plateau in the northwestern part of Taiwan. The shape, manufacturing methods, and composition of the artifacts are different from those of the southeastern costal area of Changpin Culture (長濱文化). Archeologist Liu Yichang (劉益昌) named it the Wangxing Culture (網形文化) individually to differentiate between the two.

According to the stratification and artifacts, the site can be separated into early and late periods. The early period was mainly found at the Bogonglong, Yuehu (月湖), and Fenliao Shuiwei (粉寮水尾) sites. Artifacts are scattered in the red clay layer of the red clay gravel plateau from the Pleistocene period in these areas. The artifacts consist mainly of flake tools. The stone tools unearthed generally consist of larger knapped and chipped stone tools which were used mostly for chopping, hacking, throwing, or flaking, the chopping device culture of the Pleistocene Period. Gathering resources was an important production method at that time. As for the precise time, according to the relative dating of the colluvium formation, the Bogonglong site dates back to 8,250 to 47,000 years ago.

The later period was mostly found at the Bogonglong, Lisiping (壢西坪), and lower layer of the Yuanshan (圓山) Site. The artifacts that were found were in the red clay level of the red clay gravel plateau formed in the Pleistocene Period around those areas. The artifacts include mainly small flake scrapers and a great amount of flake waste and stones. As for the technique, it appears to have become more sophisticated and detailed as compared to the early period, which is evident in the numerous flaking surfaces on the tools. These scrapers are usually left with a bit of stone skin and are produced in a standard way. In addition, prehistoric humans usually used the sharp edges of untrimmed blades, which had significant wear and tear marks when unearthed. Since these tools were mainly used for scraping and cutting, and given the location of these sites, it is safe to say that hunting was one of the main way of living at that time. The small amount of large stone tools might demonstrate the possibility of resource gathering on land.

According to the relative dating of the colluvium formation of the Bogonglong Site, it dates back between 8,250 and 6,000 years ago. Wangxing Culture has produced a large amount of small stone-made artifacts, but since it is difficult for organisms to be preserved in red clay, there has not been any evidence of organic matter. However, from the pottery findings, a certain understanding can be had about the cultural connotations of the owners.

Copyright © 2011 Council for Cultural Affairs. All Rights Reserved.  

Chinese Keyword
舊石器時代 , 伯公壠遺址

English Keyword
Paleolithic period , Pokunglung Site , Bogonglong Site

References

  1. Liu, Yichang. (1995). Li yu tan shui ku ji hua di qu di er qi shi ji diao cha ji hua ji bo gong yi zhi fa jue ji hua bao gao [鯉魚潭水庫計劃地區第二期史蹟調查計畫暨伯公壠遺址發掘計畫報告, by Tai wan sheng shui li ju zhong bu shui zi yuan kai fa gong cheng chu & IHP, Academia Sinica.
  2. Liu, Yichang. (1996). Proceedings from Ba Shi Wu Nian Du Di Si Ci Jiang Lun Hui Jiang Gao by IHP, Academia Sinica: Bo gong yi zhi fa jue ji qi yi yi [中央研究院歷史語言研究所八十五年度第四次講論會講稿:伯公壠遺址發掘及其意義.