台灣大百科全書

Zuozhen Man
左鎮人 中文版本

Classification:History > Prehistorical Period of Taiwan > Paleolithic Period
Contributor: Liu Yichang Bio
Zuozhen Man skull

Zuozhen Man skull

Provided by National Taiwan Museum

A general term of the prehistoric human (Homo sapiens sapiens) fossils from the late Pleistocene period found on the banks of the Cailiao River (菜寮溪) bed and the nearby areas of the Zuozhen (左鎮) Township of Tainan (臺南) County since the early 1970s. In November 1971, Professor Sung Wenhsun (宋文薰) from the Department of Anthropology at Taiwan National University identified the first human fossil from the specimens collected by Guo Deling (郭德鈴). In 1974 a second specimen was found by another collector, Pan Changwu (潘常武). Both specimens were brought back to Japan for research purposes by Japanese scholar, Shikama Tokio (鹿間時夫). In addition to media reports and general discussion, the original two skull specimens were first announced to the academic world in The Journal of the Anthropological Society of Nippon in 1976 and later called the Zuozhen Man (左鎮人).

Specimen collectors continued to discover similar skull fragments and tooth fossils. According to current published data, Zuozhen Man fossil specimens included at least three parietal bone fragments and two teeth (possibly molar) from the Choqu (臭屈) area, and four parietal and frontal bones and occipital bone fragments from the Gangzilin (岡子林) area. Scholars concluded that the third specimen and two teeth from Choqu along with previously discovered specimens belong to the Zuozhen Man category. But the skull piece from Gangzilin should be excluded because it was dated to a later age based on the sample color and petrochemical attributes.

Research shows Zuozhen Man fossil specimens contain human skull fragments and molars from various individuals and periods. The fossils’ absolute chronology is 20-30,000 years ago, or the last ice age of the Pleistocene Ice Age period, based on using the manganese fluoride dating method. The fauna from the same period as Zuozhen Man are called the Fauna of the Taiwan Land Bridge, which belong to the fauna of the mid to late Pleistocene period. Tools used by Zuozhen Man have yet to be discovered. Some scholars also suggest Zuozhen Man to be responsible for the Changpin Culture. In recent years, Zuozhen Man-related fossils were discovered near the Penghu (澎湖) Trench. The human fossils that were identified from the group of animal fossils picked up by a fishing boat are now called the Taiwan Land Bridge People (臺灣陸橋人). Elk fossils with possible human cut marks were also found. Using the uranium series method, the animal fossils were dated to between 10-40,000 years ago. It is unclear if the human bone belongs to the Zuozhen Man category because there was no comparative study.

A general term of the prehistoric human (Homo sapiens sapiens) fossils from the late Pleistocene period found on the banks of the Cailiao River (菜寮溪) bed and the nearby areas of the Zuozhen (左鎮) Township of Tainan (臺南) County since the early 1970s. In November 1971, Professor Sung Wenhsun (宋文薰) from the Department of Anthropology at Taiwan National University identified the first human fossil from the specimens collected by Guo Deling (郭德鈴). In 1974 a second specimen was found by another collector, Pan Changwu (潘常武). Both specimens were brought back to Japan for research purposes by Japanese scholar, Shikama Tokio (鹿間時夫). In addition to media reports and general discussion, the original two skull specimens were first announced to the academic world in The Journal of the Anthropological Society of Nippon in 1976 and later called the Zuozhen Man (左鎮人).

Specimen collectors continued to discover similar skull fragments and tooth fossils. According to current published data, Zuozhen Man fossil specimens included at least three parietal bone fragments and two teeth (possibly molar) from the Choqu (臭屈) area, and four parietal and frontal bones and occipital bone fragments from the Gangzilin (岡子林) area. Scholars concluded that the third specimen and two teeth from Choqu along with previously discovered specimens belong to the Zuozhen Man category. But the skull piece from Gangzilin should be excluded because it was dated to a later age based on the sample color and petrochemical attributes.

Research shows Zuozhen Man fossil specimens contain human skull fragments and molars from various individuals and periods. The fossils’ absolute chronology is 20-30,000 years ago, or the last ice age of the Pleistocene Ice Age period, based on using the manganese fluoride dating method. The fauna from the same period as Zuozhen Man are called the Fauna of the Taiwan Land Bridge, which belong to the fauna of the mid to late Pleistocene period. Tools used by Zuozhen Man have yet to be discovered. Some scholars also suggest Zuozhen Man to be responsible for the Changpin Culture. In recent years, Zuozhen Man-related fossils were discovered near the Penghu (澎湖) Trench. The human fossils that were identified from the group of animal fossils picked up by a fishing boat are now called the Taiwan Land Bridge People (臺灣陸橋人). Elk fossils with possible human cut marks were also found. Using the uranium series method, the animal fossils were dated to between 10-40,000 years ago. It is unclear if the human bone belongs to the Zuozhen Man category because there was no comparative study.



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Chinese Keyword
舊石器時代 , 左鎮人 , 菜寮溪 , 臺灣陸橋人

English Keyword
Paleolithic Period , Tsuo Chen Man , Tsuo Chen River , Taiwan Land Bridge , Zuozhen Man , Cailiao River , Taiwan Land Bridge People

References

  1. Chen, Chunmu. (1970). Zuo zhen xiang chu tu de hua shi yu shi qi [左鎮鄉出土的化石與石器]. The Taiwan Folkways, 20(1). P.32-37.
  2. Ozaki, Hiroshi., Sung, Wenhsun., & Baba, Hisao. (1977). 臺灣の左鎮にて發見された人骨片について. In 第31回日本人類學會民族學會連合大會. Tokyo: Waseda University.
  3. Liu, Yichang. (1996). Tai wan de shi qian wen hua yu yi zhi [臺灣的史前文化與遺址]. Nantou: The Historical Research Commission of Taiwan Province, Tai Wan Shi Ji Yuan Liu Yan Jiu Hui.